Entries tagged with: Childish Gambino
photo: fans at Bonnaroo 2013 (more by Dana (distortion) Yavin)
It includes Billy Joel (!?!), Mumford and Sons, Deadmau5, Kendrick Lamar, Florence + the Machine, Robert Plant and the Sensational Space Shifters, My Morning Jacket, Bassnectar, Alabama Shakes, Childish Gambino, Flume, Slayer, Belle & Sebastian, Spoon, The War on Drugs, Ben Folds, Atmosphere, Atomic Bomb! (William Onyeabor tribute), Flying Lotus, Earth Wind & Fire, Caribou, SBTRKT, Run the Jewels, Sturgill Simpson, Sylvan Esso, Jamie xx, Against Me!, Rudimental, Mac DeMarco, Tears for Fears, Tycho, Freddie Gibbs & Madlib, Shabazz Palaces, Courtney Barnett, Woods, Iceage, Between the Buried & Me, Rustie, Strand of Oaks, Pallbearer, Dej Loaf, Hiss Golden Messenger, King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard and many more.
Tickets will be available Saturday (1/17) at noon on bonnaroo.com.
Full lineup below...
This year, the 2015 Grammy nominations are being revealed gradually on CBS This Morning. A few categories have already been announced, with a lot more on the way, and we'll have to wait for tonight's A Very Grammy Christmas special to find out the Album of the Year nominees. Arcade Fire, St. Vincent, Kendrick Lamar, Kanye West, Beck, Black Keys, Ryan Adams, Jack White, Beyonce (now the most Grammy-nominated woman), Pharrell, Schoolboy Q, Drake, Eminem, Disclosure, Duke Dumont, Basement Jaxx, James Franco, Aphex Twin, Little Dragon, Royksopp & Robyn, Arctic Monkeys, Mastodon, Motorhead, Alt-J, Lee "Scratch" Perry, Sam Smith, Haim, Sia, Coldplay, Robert Glasper, Sharon Jones, Jhene Aiko, Tom Petty, U2 and more have already been announced. Stay tuned for more announcements and check out the list so far, below.
UPDATE: Full list of nominations (
except Album of the Year) now up at GRAMMY.com. Several of the categories are also listed below.
UPDATE 2: Album of the Year nominees announced. See below.
The awards ceremony happens February 8, 2015.
Outkast / Belle & Sebastian / St. Vincent
Murdoch is an effortless master of banter and was the most magnetic presence I saw on stage all day -- flirting with the crowd, sitting with legs crossed on the stage's edge, and pointing out that pretty much all songs are about sex. He also had some observations about Austin.The 2014 ACL Festival wrapped up its first weekend, kicking off on Friday night (10/3) in Austin, TX's Zilker Park with sets from Belle & Sebastian, Outkast, Beck, St. Vincent, Sam Smith, Jimmy Cliff, Temples and lots more. Pictures from those sets and more are in this post.
"Last time I was here none of those buildings were there," Murdoch said, pointing to the Austin skyline. "What the [expletive] happened? Are y'all having loads of children or something?"
On stage behind Murdoch and the 13 other members of the band was a backdrop with black-and-white shots of Belle & Sebastian's eight full-length albums arranged in a grid. Later in the set it was replaced with a couple of music videos accompanying a pair of new songs, "Perfect Couples," which was sung by lead guitarist Stevie Jackson, and "The Tricks in Your Head Are Alive." - [Austin 360]
photos by Ellie Pritts
Outkast / Nick Cave / Modest Mouse
Headliner OutKast took the stage with a more pertinent query: "Are you ready for the greatest rap group of all time?" It was classic rap hype, and yet as the ensuing 90 minutes proved, the recently reunited duo of Big Boi and Andre 3000 has earned the right to include itself in the ranks of the hip hop elite. Not only did these guys show no rust, they reminded us what made them great since their first album, Southernplayalisticadillacmusik, was released 20 years ago: a dynamic and utterly complementary MC team blessed with rare musicality, lyrical ingenuity and stylistic audacity. From frenetic opener Bombs Over Baghdad to the understatedly anthemic Wheelz of Steel, civil rights party jam Rosa Parks and the song that made them a household name, Ms. Jackson, they were at once authoritatively engaging and sonically adventurous. Sure, there were hits, lots - including irresistible genre-bender Hey Ya! (delivered by André 3000 with a line of female fans dancing on stage - cheesy, but effective), sly boast So Fresh, So Clean, and the beautifully sleepy Elevators - but it's all relative. At its best, OutKast mixed cool and creativity like nobody's business. [Montreal Gazette]Taking place over the same weekend as Lollapalooza, and boasting a similarly huge lineup, Montreal's annual music festival Osheaga went down over this past weekend (August 1-3). The stacked festival included sets from Outkast, Jack White, The Replacements (with Green Day's Billie Joe Armstrong), Arctic Monkeys, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Modest Mouse, Danny Brown, Mac Demarco, Against Me!, The Dismemberment Plan, Haim and many more. Pictures of some of those artists, and a bunch of others, are in this post.
They continue below...
photos by James Richards IV
Chance the Rapper / wet Glen Hansard / Run the Jewels / London Grammar
4:20 PM: When his phone is handy, Killer Mike likes to tweet out a 4:20 reminder every day. During Run the Jewels' set at the Palladia Stage he needed a little help: "Happy 4:20 -- Somebody tweet that for me!" he yells.Lollapalooza 2014 wrapped up on Sunday (8/3) with sets from Chance the Rapper (who brought out R. Kelly), Run the Jewels, Chromeo, London Grammar, The Avett Brothers, and lots more, plus a few cloudbursts which were embraced by mud dancers as well as Glen Hansard as you can see above.
4:22 PM: During Run the Jewels' performance, El-P screams at security to stop roughing up a female audience member. Then, moments later: "Oops, my bad, it's a guy... And I just added insult to injury calling him a girl!"
9:09 PM: Chance The Rapper offers a real hometown treat when he brings out surprise guest R. Kelly. The fellow Chicagoan warbles the chorus of "The World's Greatest," the intro of "Bump 'n Grind" and some of "Ignition (Remix)" alongside the young MC. - [Billboard]
The Replacements at Coachella 2014 (more by Dana (distortion) Yavin)
The spring edition of the Boston Calling Music Festival is a month away (May 23-25), and they've already announced the fall edition which goes down in Boston's City Hall Plaza from September 5-7. The September lineup, which is listed in full below, includes The National, The Replacements, Nas x The Roots, Neutral Milk Hotel, Spoon, Volcano Choir, The War on Drugs, The Hold Steady, White Denim, Sky Ferreira, Future Islands, San Fermin, S. Carey, Lorde, Childish Gambino and more. 3-day passes go on sale Monday (4/28) at 10 AM.
Tickets (3-day, 2-day and single day passes) for the May festival, which includes Modest Mouse, Built to Spill, Death Cab for Cutie, The Decemberists, Brand New, Kurt Vile, Phosphorescent and more, are still available.
Full September lineup, flyer, and announcement video, and video of Green Day's Billie Joe Armstrong joining the 'Mats at Coachella, below...
The Austin City Limits Festival returns to Austin's Zilker Park for two weekends, October 3-5 & October 10-12. The lineup was just announced and includes Eminem, Pearl Jam, Outkast, Beck, The Replacements, Spoon, Belle & Sebastian, Interpol, Broken Bells, St. Vincent, Jimmy Cliff, The Gaslight Anthem, Jenny Lewis, The Rosebuds, Sam Smith, Real Estate, tUnE-yArDs, Jagwar Ma, Mac DeMarco, Polica, My Brightest Diamond and many more.
Tickets go on sale today (4/22) at 10 AM CDT. Full lineup below...
Action Bronson at Irving Plaza in January (more by Lukas Hodge)
One-day NYC-area hip hop festival Hot 97 Summer Jam returns to East Rutherford, NJ's MetLife Stadium on June 1 this year. The two-stage lineup was just announced and the main stage includes 50 Cent, Nas, The Roots, Wiz Khalifa, DJ Mustard w/ YG & Ty Dolla $ign, Trey Songz, Action Bronson, Troy Ave and more, plus Nicki Minaj (joining Lil Wayne and Young Money), following her guest appearance at last year's Summer Jam, which followed her canceling her set at 2012's. Meanwhile, the Festival Stage includes Childish Gambino, Iggy Azalea, Jhene Aiko, Nipsey Hussle and more.
Tickets are currently on presale (password: "SJ2014"), and they go on sale to the general public on Friday (4/4) at noon. Full lineup below.
Full Summer Jam lineup and flyer below...
Phoenix @ Barclays Center, 2013 (more by Dominick Mastrangelo)
As you may know, the 2014 Governors Ball happens at Randall's Island from June 6-8. Individual day line-ups have been announced with Outkast, Phoenix and TV on the Radio headlining Friday (6/6), Jack White, The Strokes and Skrillex headlining Saturday (6/7), and Vampire Weekend and Axwell ^ Ingrosso headining Sunday (6/8). You can check each day's full line-up (though set times are still TBA) below.
Additionally, individual day tickets go on sale this Friday (4/4) at noon, with a limited Citi cardmember presale beginning Wednesday (4/2) at 10 AM.
Daily Governors Ball 2014 lineups below...
Lollapalooza 2014, which goes down from August 1-3 in Chicago, announced its 2014 lineup. Artists include Eminem, Outkast, Kings of Leon, Arctic Monekys, Skrilex, Broken Bells and tons more. 3-day passes are sold out, but single day tickets go on sale today at 10 AM.
Full lineup below...
Montreal's Osheaga Festival is returning this year from August 1 - 3 at Parc Jean-Drapeau. The lineup was just announced and includes Outkast, Jack White, Arctic Monkeys, The Replacements, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Modest Mouse, Local Natives, Haim, SBTRKT (who's streaming a new EP), Pusha T, Gogol Bordello, Cut Copy, Flume, Chance the Rapper, Gesaffelstein, Danny Brown, Four Tet, Volcano Choir, Against Me!, Joey Bada$$, Jon Hopkins, Kevin Drew, Duke Dumont, Shlohmo, The Dismemberment Plan, Courtney Barnett, Hospitality, The Men and more. Tickets are on sale now.
Check out the complete lineup below...
Another of the many festivals Outkast are reuniting for this year is Alabam's Hangout Music Festival, which goes down in Gulf Shores from May 16-18. The rest of the lineup is pretty impressive too, including The Black Keys, The Killers, Queens of the Stone Age, Modest Mouse, Flaming Lips, Conor Oberst, Tegan and Sara, Chance the Rapper, Andrew WK, Black Lips, Valerie June, Le1f, Diarrhea Planet and more.
Tickets go on sale Thursday (1/16) at 10 AM. Full lineup below...
Governors Ball 2013 (more by Amanda Hatfield)
We already knew that Outkast would be headlining this year's Governors Ball music festival, which goes down on NYC's Randall's Island from June 6-8, and now, one day after the lineup of Firefly Fest was announced, and a few days after we found out who was playing Coachella, the full lineup has been announced. It includes Jack White, Vampire Weekend, Phoenix, Interpol, TV on the Radio, Julian Casablancas, Disclosure, Spoon, Broken Bells, Damon Albarn, James Blake, Neko Case, The Kills, Grimes, Janelle Monae, Tyler the Creator, Washed Out, Earl Sweatshirt, Kurt Vile, Chance the Rapper, Deafheaven, Run the Jewels and many more.
UPDATE: The Strokes are playing too!
Tickets go on sale today (1/15) at 3 PM. Full lineup and flyer below...
Firefly 2013 (more by Dana (distortion) Yavin)
As discussed, Dover, Delaware's annual Firefly Music Festival is returning this year and has expanded to a four-day festival happening from June 19-22. Since we last spoke, the lineup has been announced and it includes Outkast, Foo Fighters, Arctic Monkeys, Weezer, Band of Horses, Chance the Rapper, Courtney Barnett, Iron & Wine, Phantogram, Phosphorescent, Sky Ferreira, Sleigh Bells, Tegan and Sara, tUnE-yArDs, Washed Out, not to mention everyone's favorite festival act Jack Jackson as one of the headliners. Tickets go on sale Monday (1/20) at noon, and VIP passes are already on sale.
Full lineup below...
Rough Trade NYC (more by Amanda Hatfield)
We just mentioned that Rough Trade's live shows are "on hold for a while" due to sound issues at the venue, and while some (like tonight's Tourist show) are being moved, others, like Andrew Bird (12/6) and DIIV (12/7), The Stepkids (12/9), Lucius (12/10) and Au Revoir Simone (12/17) have unfortunately been cancelled. Refunds are available at the point of purchase.
Other updates via Rough Trade's Twitter: Childish Gambino's show on Sunday, 12/8 at 6PM has been moved to Music Hall of Williamsburg but you still need to buy a copy of his new CD at the store that day to get a wristband.
Allah Las (12/6), Langhorne Slim / Felice Bros (12/11), and Cults (12/18) have been postponed. Stay tuned for updates on where those shows end up.
by Bill Pearis
The counter Rough Trade (w/ Morrissey Autobiography) (more by Chris La Putt)
As you may have maybe -- just maybe -- heard, UK indie record store Rough Trade opened its first-ever NYC branch yesterday (11/25). As a record lover and Williamsburg resident, I headed over to N. 9th after work last night to check it out.
The store is big and warehouse-y with plenty of space in between shelves for easy browsing, and a centralized checkout area. (It is still small compared to the late-'90s days of Virgin Megastore and Tower.) There is a mezzanine with magazines and books (like import copies of Morrissey's Autobiography) on one side of the space, and on the other there is the Guardian Green Room which is a "multi-purpose digital lounge" and an exhibition space that currently has a recreation of Donald Glover's bedroom in Community. Main Drag music has a little vestibule with cool analogue synths, and a cafe run by Five Leaves will be open soon.
Donald Glover's 'Community' bedroom at RT
The store seems more in "must open" mode than "ready to open," as the record shelves are a little sparse right now. Prices for records are on the high side -- I saw very few less than $18 -- and they don't put records "on sale." But many of their featured items do come with "Rough Trade Exclusives," usually bonus discs which do add value. There are also no used records, which seems an odd choice to me given the way all other record stores in the area operate. Though in that way they're not so much treading on other's turf? They are, however, promising to stock imports, including the entirety of their 101 Albums of 2013... but that has not happened yet. (I was ready to buy the new Suede album, too.) I did buy the Morrissey book, which at $14.99 for an import seemed a bargain. Give it a month, and we'll hopefully see what the store is like.
I showed up too late for Sky Ferreira's live set, but there was a long line of people waiting to get their records/CDs signed. I watched a little bit from the mezzanine, as bf and DIIV frontman Cole Smith showed up to say hi. One fan asked if he would sign Sky's album too. He obliged, writing a note right on the most, uh, exposed area of the LP cover. Pretty funny.
I did, however, stick around to watch Charles Bradley. The performance space at Rough Trade is really nice. Official capacity is 250 but, with a seated balcony it felt bigger than that. There were ping pong tables in the back part of the balcony last night, that I'm told won't be there during ticketed shows (but will be available during the day). Lighting was good and the sound was better. Bradley has a pretty crack band who make any room sound good but I was really impressed with the acoustics. There are lots of small rooms in Williamsburg already, but this is a nice addition to the area.
Charles Bradley sounded fantastic. His years as a James Brown tribute artist have bestowed him with killer stage moves, and the dude just oozes charisma and soul. It was a real treat to see him in such a small room and the whole crowd was grinning the whole time. NYC will have two more chances to see Bradley in January.
Today (11/26) you can catch a free show from Danny Brown which happens at 5 PM. You do need to grab a wristband first which are available at the counter. Wednesday night (11/27, 7 PM) is a free in-store with Matthew E. White. Two shows from NYC legends Television will be Rough Trade's first ticketed shows (both are sold out).
In addition to having his bedroom there, Donald Glover will perform as Childish Gambino at Rough Trade on December 6. You need to buy a copy of his new album Because of the Internet. There will be a record signing following the performance.
Did you check out Rough Trade on opening day? What did you think? Buy anything?
by Andrew Sacher
LA R&B singer Jhene Aiko is planning to release her debut LP, Souled Out, next year, but ahead of that she's got an EP, titled Sail Out, which comes out this Tuesday (11/12). The EP features contributions from two of her old Black Hippy pals, Kendrick Lamar on the sprawling, downtempo "Stay Ready (What A Life") and Ab-Soul on the brooding "Wth." Odd Future/Black Hippy collaborator Vince Staples shows up on weed/love song "The Vapors," and Childish Gambino is on "Bed Peace." Early standout single "3:16 AM" is on here too, meshing well with the newer ones for seven tracks of blissful psychedelic R&B. Check out the brand new video for its track "The Worst," over at Noisey, and videos for "3:16 AM" and "Bed Peace," plus streams of the other five tracks, below.
The same day the EP comes out, Jhene appears on Saint Heron, the new compilation from Solange's Saint Records label. In addition to tracks from Jhene and Solange, it features other forward-thinking R&B artists like Cassie, Sampha, Kelela, Petite Noir, Jade De La Fleur, Starchild, BC Kingdom, India Shawn and Iman Omari. Kelela, BC Kingdom, and the just-released Cassie contributions can be streamed below.
Jhene was just in NYC joining Drake when his tour hit Barclays Center (10/28). A video of their collaboration at the Brooklyn arena is below. She appeared on Drake's new album, in addition to recent albums by Big Sean, J. Cole, Ab-Soul and Schoolboy Q.
Videos and streams below...
photos by Chris La Putt
Danny Brown / Schoolboy Q show their best sides at Summerstage 6/25/2012
Despite the rain, Danny Brown (who ended up playing first) and Schoolboy Q opened for Childish Gambino at their first of two NYC shows together last night (6/25) at Central Park Summerstage. Both rappers played their own sets and then also joined Childish Gambino on stage for part of his, which you can watch a video of below.
Danny, Q, and Childish will do it again tonight (6/26) at Prospect Park. Tickets for tonight's show are still available and we're also giving away a pair. Details on how to enter, along with more pictures and a video from last night's show are below...
7:32pm Metric wrapped up a touch early; partly because one new song ("Lost Kitten") was stopped 10 seconds into it and Emily decided to strike it from the set. Aside from that odd error, Metric played a fair set. They cited the show as their "public debut" of Synthetica and they did play mostly new material (7 out of 11 songs), most of which sounds promising. It's always hard to judge new material accurately as the audience doesn't know it so it always comes across slightly weak or stiff. Metric opened their set with newbie "Artificial Nocturne" (also the album's opener). It was one of the stronger new tracks. The other stand outs were "Youth Without Youth" (when played live it seemed to lose it's sluggishness of it's studio version) and "Nothing But Time", a synth/piano number that builds each verse until drums kick in and the song finishes with a flourish of Emily Haines' Pro-One synth. The band closed with an acoustic version "Gimme Sympathy" that had pretty much the entire amphitheater singing along. [The Province]Here's more pictures from the super-stacked Saturday (5/26) line-up of the Sasquatch Music Festival which happened Memorial Day Weekend in Gorge, Washington -- including Metric, St. Vincent, The Shins, Dum Dum Girls, Unknown Mortal Orchestra, Couer de Pirate, Sol, Com Truise and more. The first set from Saturday (5/26) are HERE and Friday (5/25) are HERE. More from Day 2 below and still more Sasquatch pics to come.
photos by Diana Wong
I love you but I've chosen Moog
"he Moog company pioneered the commercial manufacture of modular voltage-controlled analog synthesizer systems. Company founder Dr. Robert Arthur Moog had begun manufacturing and selling vacuum-tube theremins in kit form while he was a student in the early 1950s and marketed his first transistorized theremin kits in 1961. Moog became interested in the design and construction of complex electronic music systems in the mid 1960s and the burgeoning interest in his designs enabled him to establish a small company (R. A. Moog Co., which became Moog Music and later, Moog Electronics) to manufacture and market the new devices." [Wikipedia]Thank you Google for not only honoring the great Robert Moog today on what would have been his 78th birthday, but for reminding us that we have this unposted final set of pictures from last year's Moogfest in Asheville, North Carolina....
Moogfest capped off three days of fun on 10/30 with sets from M83, James Murphy & Pat Mahoney (Special Disco Version), Ford & Lopatin, Passion Pit, The Drums, Baths, Ghostland Observatory, and many more. If you missed it, we previously posted pictures from the first and second days featuring Tangerine Dream, TV On The Radio, Asutra, Chromeo, and others on the first day, and Suicide, Amon Tobin: Isam, Toro Y Moi, Crystal Castles, Cant, and others (but no YACHT who had to cancel) on the second.
More pictures from the final day of Moogest 2011 (which you can check out after you're done playing with the Moog on Google's homepage), below...
photos by Julie Schabel
"Always a good time at @SOBs. Schoolboy Q show was ill." - Robby Rav
"At sobs watching schoolboy q go the fuck in." - Curtis Williams
Schoolboy Q stopped by NYC for a sold out show at SOB's Wednesday night (4/11) ahead of his tour with Ab-Soul. While on stage at SOB's, he called Kendrick Lamar and put him on speakerphone. Here's what Complex had to say about it:
The night's coolest, if not most awkward, moment came when Q telephoned his Black Hippy teammate Kendrick Lamar and put him on speakerphone. A major proving ground for new talents, S.O.B.'s has a way of demanding a little extra star power. Though Lamar couldn't be present physically--he's currently bunkered down recording his debut album--he did the next best thing. Q asked him what he should perform next. Lamar suggested "A.D.H.D," a fan favorite.More pictures and videos from the show are below.
Schoolboy Q will return to NYC in June to play Central Park Summerstage on June 25 and Celebrate Brooklyn at the Prospect Park Bandshell on June 26 with Danny Brown and Childish Gambino. Tickets for the Brooklyn show are still available. Updated dates are listed below.
The SOB's show was opened by Nemo Achida, Iron Solomon, and Curtains, though Julie missed the first one because she was at the Lil B NYU lecture which was the same night.
More pics and videos from SOB's and dates below...
Lollapalooza (more by Grant MacAllister)
Chicago Sun Times reports:
Lollapalooza has revealed its official 2012 list of performers -- a typically wide-ranging smorgasbord of genres and styles topped by nearly a dozen mainstage headliners: the Red Hot Chili Peppers, freshly reunited bands Black Sabbath and At the Drive-In, the Black Keys, Jack White, Florence + The Machine, the Shins and Passion Pit, plus spotlighted electronic music including Swedish house titan Avicii, French dance duo Justice and DJ-producer Bassnectar.Check out the full list below...
The annual music festival is scheduled for Aug. 3-5 in Chicago's Grant Park.
Rumored lineups have circulated widely, as they usually do, and Lollapalooza itself stoked the speculation in recent weeks via a series of CTA and online advertisements that seemed to hint at who would be playing.
The ads featured lyrics from such acts as Sigur Ros, Santigold, Jack White, Kimbra, Twin Shadow, the Weeknd, Bloc Party and more -- all bands that wound up on the bill.
Danny Brown @ Mohawk (SXSW) (via Matthew Hickey)
Donald Glover's broken foot
Danny Brown was supposed to play Starland Ballroom in NJ last night (3/21), but that show didn't happen because headliner Childish Gambino (aka Donald Glover) recently fractured his foot. Donald wrote:
"This past Saturday I fractured my foot on stage in Tampa during a performance and was rushed to the emergency room.All dates from 3/16-4/3 have been rescheduled and are listed with new dates below. The new NJ date is 4/30, though it's unclear if Danny Brown will still be opening.
The doctors say that if I stay off of my foot for a couple weeks and wear this boot, there's a good chance they can avoid surgery and start performing again soon.
I'm really upset by the timing of this. CAMP tour will go on, but dates will be postponed."
What is clear, is that depsite no NJ show last night, and being attacked with a lemon at SXSW, Danny Brown did make it to NYC for his now-SOLD OUT show at Santos Party House tonight (3/22). He'll also be back in the area in June when he plays the Roots Picnic in Philly, and when he opens for Childish Gambino at Central Park Summerstage after Bonnaroo.
Check out Danny's new video for "Radio Song" and the new CG dates below...
"danny brown being a freshman is like
bon iver winning the best new artist grammy." - dopeflow
Danny Brown at Echoplex in LA in January (more by Nathanel Turner)
Danny Brown, who is now an XXL Freshman, kicks off a tour with Childish Gambino in March which doesn't come to NYC, but as mentioned, Danny Brown will play his own show at Santos Party House (3/22) during the tour. Tickets for that headlining show are still available.
The Santos show is probably the best time to see Danny Brown while he's on that tour, but if you're disappointed that he doesn't have an NYC show with Childish Gambino, you can catch them at Central Park SummerStage on June 25, a couple of weeks after both rappers play Bonnaroo. Tickets for the SummerStage show are on AmEx presale now and go on sale to the general public on Friday (3/2) at noon.
Meanwhile Danny Brown will also be at SXSW. Updated dates are listed below...