Entries tagged with: Converse Rubber Tracks
by Rob Sperry-Fromm
High On Fire at Bowery Ballroom in 2012 (more by Fred Pessaro)
In the latest addition to the awesome Converse Rubber Tracks free show series in NYC, stoner metal royalty High On Fire will bring their tour to Music Hall of Williamsburg on August 15. Opening will be local brutalizers Blackest, ensuring that this will be a heavy experience. High On Fire are one of the best live bands around, and as usual with these free Rubber Tracks shows, you'll need tickets to get in, which go on "sale" Wednesday (7/30) at noon. All of their dates are listed below.
The last Rubber Tracks show in NYC was J Mascis and King Tuff's band Witch earlier this month (7/23). J Mascis plays NYC again when Heavy Blanket plays Union Pool and when his solo tour hits Bowery Ballroom in October. King Tuff also plays NYC again when his tour comes here for two shows in October.
All of High On Fire's dates are listed, with a video, below...
Witch at Santos in 2012 (more by Sarah Coulter)
Witch -- the stoner rock band that features Dinosaur Jr's J Mascis on drums, his Sweet Apple bandmate Dave Sweetapple on bass, King Tuff main man Kyle Thomas on vocals/guitar, and Lecherous Gaze/Annihilation Time's Graham Clise on guitar -- will be coming to NYC to headline the next FREE Converse Rubber Tracks Live show at Music Hall of Williamsburg on July 23. (You may remember Dinosaur Jr played the May one.) Opening the show are their Tee Pee labelmates Ruby the Hatchet. Though the show is free, you need tickets which go on "sale" Wednesday (7/9) at noon.
It's the only upcoming date for Witch at the moment, however, you'll get to see a couple of chances to see Witch's members at other times. Dinosaur Jr will be in NYC for the free 4Knots Festival on Saturday (7/12) that also includes Mac DeMarco, Speedy Ortiz, Viet Cong, Nude Beach and more. Then J Mascis will return on October 17 when his solo tour hits Bowery Ballroom (tickets).
Meanwhile, King Tuff just announced a tour that includes NYC shows on October 8 at Baby's All Right and October 9 at Bowery Ballroom. Tickets to Baby's go on sale Wednesday (7/9) at 10 AM and tickets to Bowery go on sale Friday (7/11) at noon with an AmEx presale beginning Wed at noon.
Watch a live Witch video below...
by Andrew Sacher
As always, there's tons of hip hop shows coming up in NYC and tours passing through here. Here's a roundup of a few of the great ones happening this month...
The next Converse Rubber Tracks Live show happens at Music Hall of Williamsburg on June 9 with rapper IAMSU! and rap group Phony PPL. Like all Rubber Tracks shows, the show is FREE but you do need tickets which go on "sale" today (6/4) at noon.
Queens rap crew World's Fair are teaming up with Atlanta rap crew Two-9 for a tour which kicks off in Philly this Sunday (6/8) and hits NYC on June 10 at The Studio at Webster Hall. Tickets for the NYC show are on sale now. World's Fair also just put out a new jam, "Uh Huh," which features Cody B. Ware and Prince Samo, and was produced by Jansport J. Check that out, with the list of dates and tour flyer, below.
50 Cent, who just put out his fifth studio album Animal Ambition this week (6/3), will celebrate that album with a record release show in NYC on June 8 at Webster Hall. Tickets for that show are on sale now. Just don't ask him to throw any baseballs, and leave your chains at home.
NYC rapper Ka, still going strong of 2013's The Night's Gambit, will play a Noisey-presented hometown show during the Northside Festival on June 13 at Europa. Tickets for that show are on sale now, or you can try to get in using your Northside badge.
Golden era-inspired NYC rapper Meyhem Lauren teamed up with actual golden era producer Buckwild for a collaborative album, Silk Pyramids, which came out last week (5/27). The album features Action Bronson, Heems, Troy Ave and more, and as you may imagine it sounds straight out of the '90s. Stream the whole thing below and catch Meyhem Lauren & Buckwild celebrating it live in NYC on Saturday (6/7) at The Studio at Webster Hall. Tickets are on sale now.
LA duo People Under the Stairs are touring the US which includes a return to NYC on June 11 at LPR and June 12 at Littlefield with local great Mr. Muthafuckin' eXquire, plus Fresh Daily and DJ Thanksgiving Brown. Tickets for Littlefield and tickets for LPR are on sale now. All dates are listed below.
Oddisee plays Glasslands on June 26 with a live band and support from louis logic and E.M.S.. Tickets are on sale now.
Black Moon/Boot Camp Clik member Buckshot teams up with Pro Era member Kirk Knight and production great Statik Selektah for a show on June 26 at the Marlin Room at Webster Hall (tickets). That show's the record release for Buckshot & P-Money's new album, BackPack Travels, which comes out two days earlier (6/24) via Duck Down. The album's single "Flute," features two other Pro Era members, Joey Bada$$ and CJ Fly, whose '90s-inspired styles fit right in with Buckshot's classic rhymes. Watch the video for that below.
Both Boot Camp Clik and Pro Era also play free Summerstage shows this month. Pro Era play Red Hook Park on Thursday (6/5) and Boot Camp Clik play Betsy Head Park on June 10.
Of course there's plenty of others coming up too. What did we miss? All mentioned streams, videos and lists of dates, below...
words and photos by Caroline Harrison
Dinosaur Jr / Screaming Females @ MHOW - 5/28/14
Converse Rubber Tracks nailed the line-up for last night's (5/28) free (and sold out) show at the Music Hall of Williamsburg.
Philly's Creepoid, who feature an ex-member of noise rock trio Fight Amp, has gained well-deserved attention for their second full-length. The crowd didn't appear to be familiar with the band, but they were definitely into the grooved out 90s rock set. Creepoid gained a few fans last night, which is all the more impressive considering the performances that followed.
If you've never seen Screaming Females play live, you should fix that (in fact, they just released a live album, which I guess is the next best thing). The trio transforms from unassuming everymen to banshee-wailing, grinning, grooving rock gods the second they play their first note. And the energy is infectious--bassist "King" Mike barely stops grinning or jumping, and guitarist/vocalist Marissa Paternoster throws her whole body into howling and shredding. Given Paternoster's audible J. Mascis influence, Screaming Females are a natural choice to open for Dinosaur Jr--and this was not the first time the band had taken on that supporting role. (Not even the first time at that venue.)
Then finally at 10 PM Dinosaur Jr took the stage. Lou Barlow sheepishly admitted that it was their first show in six months--not that anyone could tell. Barlow and Mascis are a study in contrasts on stage--Mascis shreds in place, occasionally tossing around his silvery hair, while Barlow sinks into every groove he plays. Dinosaur Jr is that rare band whose new songs are as well-received by their fans as their old ones, so the crowd couldn't have been happier with their set. Pictures of the show are in this post.
Dinosaur Jr will be back in NYC to headline the free 4Knots Fest on July 12 at South Street Seaport with Speedy Ortiz, Viet Cong, Nude Beach and more.
More pictures, including all three bands' setlists, below...
Dinosaur Jr at Terminal 5 in 2011 (more by Tamara Porras)
Indie rock veterans Dinosaur Jr don't have a tour scheduled at the moment, but they do have a few select festival appearances coming up, and a FREE Converse Rubber Tracks Live show in NYC at Music Hall of Williamsburg on May 28 with Philly slowcore/shoegazers Creepoid. Though the show is free, you do need tickets to enter, which go on "sale" Wednesday (5/14) at noon. All upcoming Dino Jr dates are listed below.
Meanwhile, you can also see Creepoid in NYC sooner than that when their tour hits Death by Audio on May 18 with Alex G, Florida and The Chickenhawks.
Listen to music from both bands, with Dino Jr's list of dates, below...
Nothing on a bridge in Austin last week (more by Amanda Hatfield)
Nothing, who we just caught at SXSW, play NYC tonight (3/20) at Saint Vitus which is totally sold out, but it won't be long before you have another chance to catch the Philly shoegazers in NYC. They'll return for a FREE Converse Rubber Tracks Live show at Glasslands on April 4, opening for local faves DIIV. The show is free but you do need tickets, which go on "sale" today (3/20) at noon.
At the moment it's DIIV's only Northeast show before they cross the country for a west coast tour. All of their dates, and all other Nothing dates, are listed below...
Black Angels @ The Bell House, April 2013 (more by P Squared)
The Black Angels and Roky Erickson just started their tour together which up until this point did not include a NYC show. That has changed, as they're now playing Music Hall of Williamsburg on February 18. The show is part of the Converse Rubber Tracks series which means it's FREE but you do have to get tickets, which go on "sale" Wednesday (2/5) at noon.
While Brooklyn's Golden Animals are opening most dates on this tour, The Denzels will be opening the show at MHOW. Updated dates are listed below...
Floor at Saint Vitus in 2013 (more by Lukas Hodge)
We just mentioned that Floor are releasing a new album, and now Converse Rubber Tracks have announced a FREE Floor show at Saint Vitus Bar on 1/29. Kadaver and Ruby the Hatchet will open. Though the show is free, you need to RSVP for entrance; registration starts here at 3pm today. Even if you RSVP, entrance isn't guaranteed. Show up early!
Speaking of Converse Rubber Tracks, as discussed, El-P and The Bots are playing a free show at Converse Rubber Tracks Live on Friday (1/24) as the conclusion to the venue's creative workshop series. For a chance to get into that very intimate show, you have to RSVP which is open until midnight tonight (1/22), but RSVP does not guarantee entry.
Converse just released a new series of Black Sabbath Chucks, which actually look pretty cool. One side of one is pictured above. All three are at Converse's site. Black Sabbath is playing Brooklyn in March and touring in April. Bill Ward won't be there, but look for him at the next Today is the Day show.
In other music-related Converse news, this weekend is the third edition of the FREE creative workshops they're holding at Rubber Tracks Studio in Williamsburg. Registration is open through 1/9 at midnight for "How to Record Live Instruments" with Benjamin Weinman & Billy Rymer of the Dillinger Escape Plan and "How To Record Using Outboard Effects" with EL-P & producer Nick Hook. As previously mentioned, El-P will also headline a show at Rubber Tracks on 1/24. Details on that are still limited.
Meanwhile, Converse's 'Rubber Tracks Live' series of free shows continues tonight (1/9) in Boston at The Sinclair with Joey Bada$$, Dillon Cooper, and Cavalier, and then January 16 at Glasslands in Brooklyn with The Hood Internet, Pictureplane, and Bearstronaut.
Washed Out at MHOW - 11/18/13 (via Ahnmin Lee)
Washed Out is currently on a tour which brought Ernest Greene & co. back to NYC for a Converse Rubber Tracks Live show at Music Hall of Williamsburg earlier this week (11/18), a much more intimate appearance than his last Terminal 5 show. His next NYC appearance will be when he DJs the J Roddy Walston show at Gramercy Theatre (12/14) (tickets). All upcoming Washed Out dates are listed below.
Speaking of Converse Rubber Tracks, they're launching a new project at the Brooklyn recording studio, CONS Project: BKN, which offers creative workshops for kids. Their "goal is push creativity forward by inspiring kids with creative ambition to unleash their creative spirit through engaging and edifying events." The workshops happen during three weekends, Nov. 23 & 24, Dec. 8 & 9, and Jan. 11 & 12. Select artists will be there, including El-P, Ryan Hemsworth, and more. Plus, El-P will headline an exclusive concert on January 24, following the workshops' final weekend. Registration is open now. More details below.
Washed Out at FYF Fest 2013 (more by Wei Shi)
Earlier today, we were talking about the current Washed Out tour which comes to NYC for a DJ set on 12/14 at Gramercy Theater. Since we last spoke, it was announced that much sooner than that he'll do a live set in NYC for a Converse Rubber Tracks Live show on November 18 at Music Hall of WIlliamsburg with Ghost Beach and Conveyor. Like all Converse Rubber Tracks Live shows, it's FREE but you do have to get tickets, which go on "sale" Wednesday (11/6) at noon.
Updated dates are listed below...
Red Fang - 'Whales and Leeches'
Converse Rubber Tracks Live just announced a free Music Hall of Williamsburg show (8/9) with Glassjaw, Balance & Composure, and World's Fair (which is already "sold" out), and they've now announced another free Brooklyn show taking place this month as well. Portland sludge beasts Red Fang will team up with Doomriders (fronted by Converge bassist Nate Newton) and one of Brooklyn's better young punk bands, Low Fat Getting High, for a free, all ages show at 285 Kent on August 22. Though it's free, you do need tickets, and those go on "sale" August 8 at 10 AM.
Red Fang recently announced that their new album, Whales and Leeches, will be out in October via Relapse Records. The album was produced by Chris Funk of fellow Portland band The Decemberists (whose singer, Colin Meloy, just announced a solo tour), and mixed by Vance Powell, whose known for his work with The White Stripes. That's the album artwork above.
Doomriders also just announced a new album, Grand Blood, which will be out on October 15 via Deathwish. It was produced by Nate's Converge bandmate (and all-around metal production wizard) Kurt Ballou, and will feature artwork by Thomas Hooper and packaging by Ryan Patterson, frontman of Coliseum (who you can also see for free in Brooklyn this month). Grand Blood artwork and tracklist below.
As usual, Low Fat Getting High have other upcoming local shows, including a previously discussed Pianos (8/27) show with The Can't Tells; another on August 17 at Rippers on Rockaway Beach with a stacked local line up of Sleepies, Eula, Big Ups, and Shark? (flyer below); and one at Grand Victory on September 28.
Red Fang are also touring the western US in October. All of their tour dates are listed, along with some streams/videos, Doomriders album stuff and Rippers flyer, below...
Glassjaw at Knitting Factory in 2010 (more by Nikki Sneakers)
The bi-monthly Converse Rubber Tracks Live free concert series at Music Hall of Williamsburg continues on August 9 with post-hardcore vets Glassjaw, emo newcomers Balance & Composure, and Queens rap crew World's Fair. The show is free, but you have to get tickets, which go on "sale" Wednesday (7/31) at noon. Admission is also subject to capacity.
World's Fair, who just played the crazy Bushwick Block Party, also plays Warm Up at MOMA PS1 on August 17 with King Britt, J. Cole, Bangladesh, Mr. Muthafuckin' eXquire, and Darq E Freaker. Tickets for that show are still available.
Glassjaw's only other upcoming show at the moment is Riot Fest Chicago.
by Andrew Sacher
Low Fat Getting High at Cake Shop earlier this month (more by Chris Gersbeck)
Brooklyn punks Low Fat Getting High have been playing raucous local shows for some time now, and as mentioned, they're finally laying down that intensity for a new EP, which is called Bad Yoga, and has just been officially announced. The EP will be out on July 18 via Dead Broke/Money Fire Records. It kicks off with three tracks of menacing, breakneck-speed punk, and culminates in a fourth track of Bleach-style noise and sludge. The whole thing is just over ten minutes and it's a real ripper so keep an eye out for it. You can stream the opening track, "Better Better Worse," along with the artwork and tracklist below.
Low Fat Getting High have a ton of upcoming shows as usual, including a previously discussed Gimme Tinnitus-presented show TONIGHT (5/22) at Big Snow with another solid local punk band, Big Ups, CYHSY-related Radical Dads (for whom the show is a record release party), and Miniboone. $7 at the door gets you into tonight's show. Doors are at 8 PM. All ages. Show flyer below.
After that, they've got a bunch of other local dates, including a Converse Rubber Tracks show on June 12; Silent Barn on June 14 with another great local punk band, Sleepies, noise rockers Eula, indie rockers Shark?, sludgy psych rockers Psychic Blood and others; a release party for the new EP on July 18 at Shea Stadium with Big Ups, Vulture Shit, and Flagland (who play with Butter the Children and Ovlov soon); and even more local dates, all of which are listed below.
In related news, as mentioned, Big Ups and Psychic Blood also play a Northside show with Nu Sensae and Destruction Unit.
All LFGH dates are listed, along with the song stream and album info, below...
Dillinger Escape Plan at Terminal 5 (more by Greg Cristman)
Good news, bad news, good news. Let's start with the bad and then go to the good.
The RSVP for the Dillinger Escape Plan show at Music Hall of Williamsburg on April 27 with The Faceless and Royal Thunder has run dry. That said, we have a pair to giveaway to a lucky individual, details on how to get into this Converse Rubber Tracks event are below.
In addition, DEP has announced that they will headline the Summer Slaughter festival for 2013, snagging support from Animals As Leaders, Periphery, Norma Jean, Cattle Decapitation, The Ocean, Revocation, AEON, Rings of Saturn and Thy Art is Murder. Though dates as a whole have yet to be revealed, look for that lineup to play House of Blues in Los Angeles on July 20 and Best Buy Theater in NYC on August 7. Tickets for the latter go on sale April 19 at noon.
Contest details and song streams are below.
by Fred Pessaro
As discussed, The Dillinger Escape Plan is proclaiming One of Us is the Killer with a brand new LP, celebrating it with a set of new dates with The Faceless and Royal Thunder. Brooklyn's date at Music Hall of Williamsburg on April 27th will also feature a set by Converse Rubber Tracks recording artists Primitive Weapons and a DJ set by yours truly. The Brooklyn show is totally free/open to the public, but you need to RSVP aka grab a free ticket. They become available at noon on Wednesday (4/10),
The Brooklyn show is part of the ongoing Converse Rubber Tracks Live series. The last one was with Vivian Girls, Widowspeak, Heliotropes and Eternal Summers.
DEP recently dropped a new tour promo, as well as a snippet from their forthcoming LP. Check them both out below along with all tour dates and a short documentary on Primitive Weapons and Saint Vitus...
Vivian Girls at Knitting Factory, Sep. 2011 (more by Amanda Hatfield)
The latest free "Converse Rubber Tracks Live" show has been announced with headliners Vivian Girls, plus Widowspeak, Eternal Summers and Heliotropes which happens at Music Hall of Williamsburg on February 15. While the 16+ show is free, you do have to get your tickets through Ticketmaster and those will be available on Wednesday (1/30) at noon.
Vivian Girls don't seem to have any other shows at the moment though Cassie and Katy have both been busy with The Babies and La Sera, respectively. Widowspeak just played Mercury Lounge and their very good second album, Almanac, is out now.
For Eternal Summers, the MHOW show is part of a short East Coast tour and those dates are listed below. And, as mentioned earlier today, Heliotropes have a few other local shows coming up as well.
METZ at Knitting Factory earlier this month (more by Fred Pessaro // BBG)
The new-ish free bi-monthly Converse Rubber Tracks series at Music Hall of Williamsburg, which began in June with White Rabbits, continued in August with Action Bronson, and again in October with Ghostface Killah and A-Trak, will continue on December 19 at MHOW with its most rockin' edition yet: King Tuff, METZ, Sean Bones, and Devin. The show is free but you can pick up tickets to secure yourself a spot starting today (11/27) at 2 PM.
Like all of these shows go, part of the lineup includes bands who've recorded at Rubber Tracks, and for this one it's Frenchkiss labelmates Sean Bones and Devin. Converse session videos, all King Tuff and METZ dates, and the show flyer, below.
photos by Julie Schabel
Flosstradamus @ 285 Kent, 10/5/2012
Fools Gold is turning five years old and Converse Rubber Tracks is helping celebrate with a free show at Music Hall of Williamsburg on Saturday, October 20 which is the last night of CMJ. Performers include Ghostface Killah, A-Trak, Flosstradamus, Donnis, Nick Catchdubs, World's Fair, Troy Ave, and the ever-popular "special guests." Doors are at 9 PM, first come first served, no RSVP. If you'd like to party in style, however, we are giving away a pair of VIP passes to the show and details on how to enter are at the bottom of this post, along with a flyer for the show.
The next night (10/21), A-Trak and Flosstradamus will bring their "House Party Tour" to Asbury Park, NJ at an undisclosed residence. To receive info on the secret locations, sign up HERE. Meanwhile, Flosstradamus played a packed and sweaty show at 285 Kent this past Friday (10/5)and a few pictures from that show are in this post.
Speaking of Converse, the shoe folks are offering up a live version of Green Day's "Oh Love" from their new album ¡UNO! which you can stream below. There are also ¡UNO! Chuck Taylors (green of course)
photos by Chris La Putt
White Rabbits at Music Hall of Williamsburg - 6/30/12
White Rabbits, who have dates coming up with the Shins, played a free show (first come, first served) at Music Hall of Williamsburg in Brooklyn on Saturday (6/30) with We Barbarians. The show was part of a new series of free shows presented by Converse Rubber Tracks, Converse's recording studio in Brooklyn (where We Barbarians recently recorded, and that is about to celebrate its one year anniversary in its Williamsburg location). The next free, live show in the series will be announced soon.
The show was an early one, starting at 8pm sharp and ending by about 10:30, and for White Rabbits, it was their second show with new drummer David Scalia who replaced Jamie who is expecting his first kid. David will play the rest of the shows this year with the band while Jamie spends time with his family. Here are some pictures from the night.
The White Rabbits show was happening right next door to the inaugural Martyrdoom Fest (co-presented by BrooklynVegan, Signature Riff, Order of the Serpent, and Catharsis PR), which went down in Public Assembly. This of course lead to a very drastic contrast of crowds on North 6th St. that night. Stay tuned for more on that show.
More pics from the White Rabbits show, below...
The annual Crest Hardware Art Show runs from June 30 - August 31 and kicks off this Saturday (6/30) with Crest Fest 2012 which goes from 1 - 7PM and features a live music stage, two DJ booths, plus local, creative art, and food vendors. Bands performing include Aabaraki, Grey Sky Appeal, Hard Nips, PitchBlak Brass Band and Workout and DJ sets are by Petey Complex, Lucas Walters, Dom Leon, King Cut, Peter Hale and Krunk Pony. The show is free and all ages.
Crest Hardware is located at 558 Metropolitan Ave Between Lorimer and Union in Williamsburg. This year's Art Show will include "100+ works from various artists of different mediums. The art will be installed contextually throughout 10,000 square feet of indoor and outdoor space, including a 5,000 sq ft urban garden...All art is about/made with/or inspired by hardware." Flyers and posters are at the bottom of this post.
Speaking of things happening on June 30 sponsored by Converse Rubber Tracks (which Crest Fest is), White Rabbits are playing a free show at Music Hall of Williamsburg Saturday night and we're giving away a pair of VIP tickets which guarantees you admission to the otherwise first-come, first-served show, and gets you into the VIP balcony. Details on how to enter are below...
White Rabbits in Chicago in April (more by Ben Rodig)
White Rabbits don't have too much planned for this summer. They'll be in Toronto this week for NXNE and will do a few festivals in August, including Lollapalooza (who just announced their schedule). Other than that, they've only got a couple other shows scheduled at the moment -- including a free show in NYC on June 30 at Music Hall of Williamsburg with We Barbarians. The show is the first in a new bi-monthly, free concert series called Converse Rubber Tracks Live and admission is first come first served. Each show in the new series will feature a band who recorded at Converse Rubber Tracks (this time that band is We Barbarians who were also chosen to open by White Rabbits).
A list of all White Rabbits dates and a video below...
Live Room at Rubber Tracks
Just in time to remind people that Vans is not the only sneaker with a new presence in Brooklyn...
Converse Inc. announced the official opening of Converse Rubber Tracks, a new state-of-the-art recording studio in Brooklyn, NY. Converse Rubber Tracks will provide dedicated artists of all genres the opportunity to record their original music in a high quality studio alongside a team of experienced engineers at no cost. Converse Rubber Tracks is providing a new platform for musicians by helping them overcome one of the biggest hurdles in their career -- affording studio time.That text comes from a press release Converse sent out. An article in the Wall Street Journal mentions that Converse has the lease for 5 years, and reminds us that...
...Converse will support the local New York music scene with the first round of emerging bands set to record at Converse Rubber Tracks. Kicking off today [7/13], five emerging New York area bands including the funk/R&B group Aabaraki (Brooklyn, NY), psychedelic rock group Majuscules (Brooklyn, NY), hip/hop funk group G.I.C & Funk Face (Brooklyn, NY), R&B pop artist Andre Henry (New York, NY) and the pop/punk band Super Rocket Car (New Brunswick, NJ) will begin recording at the space. They will work alongside a team of experienced and professional engineers to lay down original music that the artists themselves will retain all rights for.
Along with its famous density of music acts, Williamsburg also has a surplus of recording studios. At least four professional studios operate within four blocks of Rubber Tracks. Converse also had reason to worry about riling the locals.More below...
"It's a scary situation to have people give recording time away for free," says Oliver Straus, owner and chief engineer at Mission Sound Recording. He says [the marketing company who helped Converse set up the Studio] Cornerstone approached him a couple years ago with the idea of running the operation out of his studio on Powers Street. But as Rubber Tracks took shape as a stand-alone facility, he says, "there were many assurances that this would not be an adversarial thing."
In fact, Mr. Straus expects to generate some business from Rubber Tracks. Mission Sound is one of the local studios that may be offered overflow work from Rubber Tracks.